The islam’s history

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We speak about islam today. (Source: unsplash.com)

A historical-fictional novel to know the history of Islam

Naya Nadales nos invita a leer un relato sobre los orígenes del Islam a partir de la biografía de Mahoma para la asignatura de Geografia i Història escrito en inglés.

CHAPTER 1: MUHAMMAD

By Naya Nadales

On any day, in the year 570, a very special child, son of Abd-Allah Al-Muttalib and Amina Bint Wahb, was born in one of the most powerful houses of the Quraysh clan, the ruling tribe of Mecca. Seeing the baby, his family shed a few tears, for as a child, he bore a strong resemblance to his late father, whom he would never meet. Muhammad, still with everything, was a happy child. Like anyone else, he woke up with the tender words of his mother, played with the other children during the day, lay on Amina’s lap, who then tucked him in and was protected and loved by his tribe. But what his tribe could not protect him from was the disease that ended his mother’s life at the young age of 28. He was never the same again because although he was adopted by his grandfather; he lacked his references, his family, he lacked his parents. At six, sad and orphan, go to live with his grandfather. From then, he takes care of Muhammad. And at six he felt lonely.

For the next two years, lived with his grandfather, who taught him the rudiments of dominating the country. But once again, his tribe cannot protect his family from death, and Abd-al-Muttalib ibn Hàixim, his grandfather, died. Thus, at eight, Muhammad was adopted by his uncle, Abu-Talib ibn Abd-al-Muttalib. But when he was adopted by him, he had to work as a merchant because his uncle was one and traveled a lot.

Thus he continued working as a merchant with his uncle until he was twenty-five years old. During this time, Muhammad gained fame as a trustworthy merchant. At twenty-five, he met Khadija bint Khuwaylid, a forty-year-old widow of a wealthy merchant. Khadija was impressed with Muhammad’s values ​​and proposed to him. So Muhammad married Khadija and stopped working for his uncle to start work for his wife.

Thus the years passed and at forty, Muhammad was praying in a cave called Hira, on the mountain of Light, Jabal al-Nur, and had his first revelation. It read like this: “Proclaim! (Or read!) In the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created man, out of a clot of frozen blood: Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful who taught by the pen taught man that which he knew not”. At first, Muhammad did not know what to do, but when he told Khadija, she helped and advised him.

Muhammad kept the first revelations secret, except for Khadija, but in 619 both she and Muhammad’s uncle, Abu-Talib, passed away. It was a very hard year for Muhammad but in the end, he accepted the death of his loved ones and to honor Khadija, he prayed the following to God: “God, Almighty never granted me anyone better in this life than her. She accepted me when people rejected me; she believed in me when people doubted me; she shared her wealth with me when people deprived me; and God granted me, children, only through her” But of course, Khadija did not return, and then Muhammad revealed his revelations, to make people believe in only one God and to install Monotheism in Mecca. By doing this, his tribe became angry with him, as Mecca got most of its economic wealth from the people who went to the Kaaba to worship their idols. Therefore, his tribe considered this a betrayal of his people and his people and persecuted, torture, and murder Muhammad and the first Muslims.

To avoid being killed, in six hundred fifteen, Muhammad and his people fled aimlessly. In six hundred twenty, Muhammad made a night trip to the Al-Aqsa Mosque, where he ascended with Archangel Gabriel to the heavens and talked with some ancient prophets. For the first time in several years, Muhammad felt again that he belonged to a place, and during the following years, he welcomed more Muslims, thus making the community grow more and more. Sometime later, Muhammad discovered that in Yathrib there was a growing community of Muslims and that they also needed a leader, they needed order and peace among the tribes. So Muhammad, putting into practice what his grandfather had taught him, became the leader of the Muslims and Yathrib. Yathrib was called Medina, which means “The city” and became the base of Muhammad and the early Muslims. 

Even with Muhammad away from his village, the Quraysh were not happy, so in six hundred and twenty-four there was a battle, called the Battle of Badr, between the Quraysh and the Muslims. The Muslims gathered their troops and still be a minority since they were three hundred and the Quraysh nine hundred, they won, approaching to recover Mecca.

In six hundred and twenty-five, they returned to battle at the Battle of Ubud. Here, their minority, of seven hundred and fifty versus three thousand three hundred, led them to defeat.

It took them two years to recover from the defeat during which they recruited many people who were determined to follow Muhammad. With ten thousand Muslims and the faith and hope that God had provided them, they marched into battle. 

In six hundred and twenty-seven, the Battle of Trench took place. This led to the ultimate victory of Muhammad and his followers, thus recovering Mecca and installing monotheism in most of Arabia. 

Once Mecca was owned by the Muslims, Muhammad went to the Kaaba, and by order of God, he destroyed all those idols and gods that were not Ala, the only God. Thus, the Kaaba became a center of worship to Ala and a refuge for Muslims, and once this was established, they established other things like the pillars and traditions that characterize Muslims today. They started with the pillars of the Islamic religion. This religion features five pillars, which are known as Sunnites. The first is the notion of faith, called Shahada (Testimony). The second pillar is the notion of prayer called Salat. The third pillar is Charity, called Zakat. The fourth pillar is the fast of the dawn during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar (Ramadan) and the fifth pillar is the notion of pilgrimage to the Kaaba in the twelfth month. Muslims have five daily prayers, at dawn, at noon, after twelve, afternoon, and evening toward the Kaaba. 

In the same way, they have two great festivals marked by their lunar calendar. The first, mentioned above, is Ramadan, which commemorates the appearance of the Archangel Gabriel 610, the one who revealed the Quran to Muhammad and during which you cannot eat, drink or engage in sexual activity during the sunny hours. And the second great festival is the festival of sacrifice, also known as Eid al-Adha. This commemorates the sacrifice made by the prophet Ibrahim. On the morning of Eid al-Adha, a special prayer called Salat al-Eid is recited in honor of the festival, before the Dhur prayer at noon. The exact date is subject to the appearance of the Shawwal moon, in the 10th month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Thus, two years after they established Islam, Muhammad fell ill and died. The date of his death dates from June 8, six hundred and thirty-two in the city of Medina.

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